Generations in struggle: a look at feminist movements and organizations which fight for women socio-political inclusion

In order to reflect on the role of women in different fronts and generations of feminist social movements and organizations, the Bloco 4 Foundation held a debate with the following subject matter: generations in struggle for utopias: a proposal from Mozambique.

Delivered by Mrs. Isabel Casimiro, a teacher and investigator, the debated expatiated on feminist movements which engaged, fought, in different ways, on behalf of women rights and opportunities in various Mozambican generations as well as in the dialogue among such movements and generations. The researcher demonstrated that not only from achievements movements were formed, but went through crises, difficulties, lack of opportunities for debating, due to existence of groups or associations which did not want or aim independence, which did not believe in feminine power and thus did not provide space for them to debate and contribute.

In a historical look brought by the also women rights activist, it was noted that before, during and after independence there were various feminist groups or movements, and not only which, however, the history keep in silence.  The orator made reference to the generation prior the armed struggle in which there were women fighting for social inclusion according to their objectives and conditions, fought against colonialism oppressing their people’s freedom, and yet against oppressive policies mainly for feminine gender. In the armed struggle generation, there was also resistance concerning women together with the Liberation Front as well as movements which resisted separately from the Front.  In this generation, women proved that their role was important in the society and that they could contribute for social, economic and political development of the country. And most importantly, according to Isabel Casimiro, is the fact that they have by themselves understood their importance and the need to rise for the fight, resistance against various forms of oppression.

There was equally the independence generation, a privileged generation by the fact that they had the possibility to study without many barriers. It is in this generation where we found higher number of movements composed by teachers, doctors, public workers, peasants, workmen which engaged themselves in the fight for independence. Which participated in women social and political inclusion.

The 8 de Março generation with its movements and organizations resisted through small associations and promoted changes, bringing up news views.

For Isabel Casimiro, today we have a generation impacted by crisis, by space reduction for debating and by invalidation from participating actively in the society, however; this generation find other forms to circumvent such problems. And in this aspect, the universities have the role to promote social movements, creating opportunities for discussion of ideas.